Say thou (O Muhammad) "This is my way, I do invite unto Allah on an insight clear as the seeing with one's eyes, I and the one who followeth me. Glory be to Allah! and I am not of the polytheists!" Al-Quran 12/108

In the name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

  AL-AQA’ID – II
 
 

1.) What is the definition of WALI?
A. One who is very near to God, is a Wali (Saint).
 
2.) How is the nearness to God achieved?
A. The nearness to God is achieved, by following the path of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), and it increases more and more as the intensity of adherence is enhanced.
 
3.) How many types of Wali are there?
A. Two: i) WALI-E-KAMIL (Perfect Saint)
             ii) WALI-E-NAQIS (Imperfect Saint)

Wali-e-Kamil is a person who is a perfect disciple of prophet Muhammad (pbuh), whereas, an imperfect disciple is Wali-e-Naqis.
 
4.) What are the essential aspects of the adherence to the Prophet?
A. Conformity with the ‘Sayings’ (QAUL), the ‘Actions’ (FI’L) and the ‘Conditions’ (HAAL) of the Prophet (pbuh) is essential. Conformity with the ‘Sayings’ means, to be truthful, to instruct whatever the Prophet had ordered, and to prevent whatever the Prophet had prohibited. Conformity with the ‘Actions’ means, practicing perfectly his deeds in case of devotion (Ibadat), and social life (Mu’amalat). Conformity with the ‘Conditions, means, to adapt the same condition or the way of life, as possessed by the Prophet (pbuh).
 
5.) What was the way of life (Halat) of the Prophet (pbuh)?
A. There were three aspects of his life, viz: Human (Bashari), Angelic (Malaki), and Godly (Haqqi). ‘Bashari’ aspect means, he had human requirements, like eating, drinking, and sleeping etc., but he used to eat less than his appetite, and sleep less than his desire. In other requirements too he restrained himself.
 
Second aspect of his personality ‘Malaki’ means, he used to receive Divine Inspirations (WAHY) and converse with the angels, which were visible to, and visiting him. His body was equal to or even more pure and enlightened than the angels, therefore, he visited the heavens and even the place where Jibra’il (AS) cannot reach.
 
Third aspect ‘Haqqi’ means, the Prophet (pbuh) himself had told that ‘I happen to be so close to God, to such an extent that any intimate angel and any eminent prophet cannot reach there’. It is mentioned in authentic Traditions (Hadith) that the Prophet (pbuh) has seen God in the Night of M’iraj, and we also believe the same. Precisely, whoever followed him perfectly in these three conditions, he is a Wali-e-Kamil and whoever did not follow him perfectly, he will remain imperfect, and such type of a person is not a perfect saint.
 
6.) Which WALI is more venerable and most distinguished amongst the Perfect Saints (al-Auliya’ul Kamileen)?
A. The Wali who is perfect in him and makes others also perfect through his teachings, is most distinguished amongst all “Auliya’ullah” (the friends of God).
 
7.) Is it possible for every human being to achieve the Sainthood (Wilayat) through devotion (Ibadat), ordeal (Mihnat) and Spiritual exercises (Riyazat)?
A. Through devotion and ordeal, only general sainthood can be achieved, but not the special one (Wilayat-e-Khas).
 
8.) How many kinds of Wilayat are there?
A. Two: WILAYAT-E-AAMMA (General) and WILAYAT-E-KHASSAH (Exclusive). The General kind of Wilayat might have been understood. But the Exclusive Wilayat cannot be achieved through devotion and ordeal, but God, out of his Benevolence, bestows this kind or Wilayat upon a person. The status of this Wilayat is identical with that of Nabu’wat (Prophecy). Since Nabu’wat cannot be achieved through devotion and ordeal, the Exclusive Wilayat also cannot be achieved through devotion and ordeal. Such a person will be the most perfect follower of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and a successor of his perfections.
 
9.) Who is called the “TABI’ TAAM” (Perfect Follower)?
A. Tabi’ Taam is a person, who is a true and unerring follower of the Prophet (pbuh), in his Actions (A’amal), Condition (Haal), and Call (Da’wat).
 
10.) Does a perfect follower of the Prophet (pbuh) commit any mistakes?
A. He is infallible (Ma’soom) and invites the people towards God, same as the Prophet used to summon the people towards God. He is not fallible in his words and deeds. It is obligatory to accept and believe in a person whom claims to call people towards Allah, in the manner of the prophets did and who shows miracles (M’ujizat) in support of his claim. However, if he is liable to error, then it is not obligatory to believe in him.
 
11.) Is there any person authorized to Call the people (Da’wat) after the Messenger of God?
A. Certainly there is.
 
12.) Had the Prophet (pbuh) prophesied the birth of such a person?
A. Indeed, the prophet (pbuh) had prophesied the appearance of such a person, and said: “For the guidance of my community (Ummat) a person will be born after me, who will be the Caliph of Allah, and whose title is MAHDI. It is obligatory upon you to make covenant (Ba’it) with him”. This Hadith is related by Sooban (RA) in the book ‘Sunan Ibn Maja’. Another tradition (Hadith) is related by Ibn Abbas (RA) in ‘Mishkaat’ that the Prophet (pbuh) had said: “How my Ummah (adherents) would be ruined, when I am at the beginning, and Isa (Jesus) son of Mary at the end and Mehdi is in the middle”.
One more Tradition by “Abu Da’wud” relates that the Prophet (pbuh) had said: “Mahdi (AS) would possess my disposition (Khulq)”. Another Tradition related by Hazrath Ali (RA) says: “The Religion would be consummated by Mahdi (AS)”, which means the Mahdi would accomplish the task of total perfection of the religious orders.
There are several Traditions, which prove that a Caliph of Allah would be born after the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), and he would invite the people towards Allah, and the religion would be consummated (completed) with his advent.
 
13.) Had the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) also prophesied that he would be infallible (Ma’soom)?
A. The Prophet (pbuh) had informed that, “The person whose title in MAHDI, would be from my progeny (offspring), he would follow my path, and would never commit any mistake”. This Tradition proves the infallibility of Mahdi (AS). Further the Prophet (pbuh) said: “Mahdi is the Caliph of Allah (Khalifa-tullah)”. The infallibility is a prerequisite for him, since the Khilafat and Ma’siyat (Sinfulness) cannot combine in a person, hence he must be pure in all aspects.
 
14.) What qualities did the Caliph of Allah posses?
A. His main quality is that he must be infallible (perfect), and the Mahdi (AS) possesses the quality.
 
15.) What is the definition of ‘Khalifa-tullah’?
A. It is already defined that, the Caliph of Allah possesses the qualities of the prophets. Further it is known that the Caliph of Allah has the knowledge of ‘Asma’ (the names or attributes of Allah). Allah has mentioned that Adam (AS) was taught all the ‘Asma’, either the names of the created beings or of the Creator, and all other prophets as well as the Caliph of Allah are taught these ASMA.
16.) Can an infallible person seek blessings (Faiz) from a fallible person?
A. No, he cannot.
 
17.) What is the reason behind such restriction?
A. If an infallible person happens to receive instructions (T’aleem) from a fallible one, all of his directives would also deemed to have become erroneous, and in such case, testimony of his directives (commands) would not be obligatory.

18.) Since Mahdi (AS) is ‘KHATIM-E-DEEN’ (The Seal of the Religion), what would he accomplish?
A. It is already mentioned earlier that, several matters are described in the Holy Qur’an, but the Injunctions (commands) (Ahkaam) are of four types: Aqa’id (Beliefs), Ibadat (Devotion), Mu’amalat (Transactions) and Ihsan.
i) Aqa’id or Beliefs are discussed earlier such as Unity of God; He has no partner and equivalent, He is Omniscient (Knowing all things) and Omnipotent (having power over all). He is alive, listens, sees, and talks. He is the creator (Khaliq) of all things. All such things were discussed earlier in detail.
ii) Ibadat or Devotion includes all acts of devotion to God, such as Prayer (Salah), Fasting (Saum), Pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj), Alms (Zakat) and warfare for the cause of Allah (Jihad).
iii) Mu’amalat or Transactions includes the various sections of civil jurisprudence, such as Sale, Buying, Confession (Iqrar), Deposition, Deed of Gift (Hibah), Pre-emption (Shuf’ah), Agency (Wakalat), and Transfer of Debth (Hawalah), etc.
iv) Ihsan or Devotion with full concentration means, to worship Allah assuming that you are visualizing Him, otherwise, if such degree of concentration is not achieved, then at least assume that Allah is watching you.
The Prophet (pbuh) has enlightened the people about Aqa’id, Ibadat and Mu’amalat articulately, but he kept in abeyance the injunctions (commands) of Ihsan, and this part of the religion ‘Ihsan’ was exposed and elucidated (clarified) by the Mahdi (AS).

19.) What are the injunctions of IHSAN?
A. a) Tark-e-Dunya  (Renunciation of  the world)
b) Subat-e-Sadiqeen (Living in the company of   the ascetics)
c) Uzlat-e-Khalq    (Seclusion)
d) Zikr-e-Kaseer    (Incessant remembrance of Allah)
e) Talab-e-Deedar-e-Khuda (Quest for vision of Allah)
f) Tawakkul (Trust in Allah)
g) Hijrat                     (Migration)
h) Ushr (Tithe)

20.)   Were these Injunctions mentioned by the Prophet (pbuh)?
A. The Prophet (pbuh) had mentioned these injunctions, but he neither disclosed their obligation nor enjoined upon the people.

21.)     Are these injunctions (Ahkam) stated in the Qur’an and Hadith?
A.) All these injunctions are stated in the Holy Qur’an.  

22.) Then why didn’t the scholars mention these injunctions?
A.) The Ulema had strived hard in the matters of Aqa’id, Ibadat and Mu’amalat, and solved several intricacies (details, workings), but either they could not pay attention towards these injunctions, or did not elaborate, in view of, the injunctions not being enjoined upon by the Prophet.

23.) Do the Verses of Qur’an substantiate each of these injunctions?
A.) Verily, there are Verses in the Qur’an, which would be described later.

24.) Had Mehdi (AS) enjoined upon the same injunctions?
A.) Yes. He had called upon the people to follow these injunctions and declared them as ‘Obligatory’ (Farz).

25.) What was his name and title?
A.) His name was Muhammad (pbuh) and his title is ‘Mahdi’ (AS), same as prophesied by the Prophet (pbuh) that, “the person who will become the Caliph of Allah after me, would be named after me”.

26.) What are the names of his parents?
A.) The name of the mother of Mahdi (AS) is ‘Aamina’, and his father’s name is ‘Sayyed Abdullah’, and it is mentioned in authentic Tradition (Hadith Saheeh) that the parents of Mahdi (AS) would bear these names.

27.) How far can the lineage of Hazrath Mahdi (AS) be traced?
A.) It can be traced upon Hazrath Imam Hussain (RA).

28.) Recount the genealogy of Hazrath Mehdi (AS)?
A. Sayyed Muhammad Mehdi (AS) b. Sayyed Abdullah b. Sayyed Usman b. Sayyed Khizr b. Sayyed Moosa b. Sayyed Qasim b. Sayyed Najmuddin b. Sayyed Abdullah b. Sayyed Yousuf b. Sayyed Yahya b. Sayyed Jalaluddin b. Sayyed Nyamatullah b. Sayyed Ismail b. Sayyeduna Imam Moosa Kazim (RA) b. Sayyeduna Imam Jafar Sadique (RA) b. Sayyeduna Imam Baqar (RA) b. Sayyeduna Imam Zainul Abedin (RA) b. Sayyeduna Hazrath Imam Hussain (RA) b. Sayyeduna Maulana Imamuna Ali Ibn Abi Talib (RA).
 
29.) Where and when was Hazrath Mehdi (AS) born?
A. His parents were living at Jaunpur, one of the famous cities of India. Hazrath Mehdi (AS) was born at Jaunpur on Monday, the 14th Jamadi’ul Ula 847 H (September 1443 AD). The Chronogram of his date of birth is ‘SHAMS-E-WILAYAT’.
 
30.) What were some important events of his early life?
A. When he was born, both of his hands were covering his genitals, and no flies were sitting on his body, and no shadow of his body was falling upon the earth. The voice of his crying was very pleasing and heart melting for the listeners. At the time of his birth, the idols fell down, and a heavenly voice was heard proclaiming:
 
“AND SAY, TRUTH HAS ARRIVED AND FALSEHOOD PERISHED; FOR, FALSEHOOD (BY ITS NATURE) IS BOUND TO PERISH”. (17:81)
 
An eminent Scholar of the period, Hazrath Shaikh Daniyal (RA) was amazed on hearing the voice. The first thing he (the child) spoke was ‘Mehdi has come’. When he attained the age of learning, his father Hazrath Sayyed Abdullah (RA) sent him to the school (madrasah) of Shaikh Daniyal (RA), even before he attained puberty, he became a great scholar (Aalim). Eminent Ulemas used to visit the school of Shaikh Daniyal, and they were so impressed with his sagacity and grasping power, that they conferred him with the title of ‘ASAD’UL ULEMA’ (a lion amongst the scholars), as a result of which, he acquired reputation for mastering all sciences (Uloom) at a very young age. Later he was found to be fully engaged in Divine contemplation and Zikr, unaware of the worldly affairs, except gaining consciousness at the time of obligatory prayers, when he used to make ablution, and offer the prayers. He remained in such a state of ecstasy for twelve years, and during this period, he consumed very little food.

31.) What were his characteristics features?
A. He was very truthful, true to his promises, sympathizer with poor, benevolent, generous, courageous, modest, sagacious, intelligent, ascetic, abstinent and as honest person. Precisely, he possessed the same characters and attributes, which the Messenger of Gad (pbuh) possessed.
 
32.) When did he proclaim himself to be the ‘Promised Mehdi’ (al-Mehdi-al-Maw’ud)?
A. He proclaimed himself to be the ‘Promised Mehdi’ in accordance with the Divine Command, at the age of forty years.

33.) How did he receive the Divine Commands from Allah?
A. He was not receiving the Divine Commands through the medium of Jibra’il (AS) but he was receiving the commands directly from Allah, without any medium. All of his words and deeds were in accordance and complying with the Divine Commands of Allah. As he said: “I am receiving new instructions everyday from Allah, without and medium of communication between me and Allah.”
 
34.) Why was he instructed directly, and why not through the medium of Jibra’il (AS)?
A. As mentioned earlier, the person who receives the Divine Commands through Jibra’il (AS), is a ‘Nabi’, and it was proved that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was the last ‘Messenger of God’ and a ‘Seal of the prophets’. Therefore, if Mehdi (AS) is also instructed through Jibra’il he will become a ‘Nabi’ (Messenger), as a result of which, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) will not remain the ‘Seal of the Prophets’, which is contrary to the teachings of the Holy Qur’an, proving the Prophet (pbuh) to be the ‘Seal of the Prophets’. Hence, any follower of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) receiving the Divine Instructions through Jibra’il (AS), is not admissible, and accordingly, the Mehdi (AS) had claimed that, “Allah Himself impart instructions to me directly.”
 
35.) When Hazrath Mehdi (AS) declared himself to be the ‘Promised Mehdi’ (Mehdi Maw’ud), what were his wordings of proclamation?
A. The wordings of the proclamation of the Promised Mehdi were “He who believed in me is a believer (Momin) and he who declined be is a non-believer (Kafir)”.
 
36.) Is this Kufr legal (Shara’ie)?
A. Of course this Kufr is legally sanction, since the denial of ‘Khalifat’ullah’ is a ‘Kufr Shara’ie’.

 


        

 

 

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