By Hazrath Syed Ali Bartar Esq.
A famous saint of Islam
Hazrath Imam Fakhruddin Razi (RA) in his commentary ‘Tafseer-e-Kabeer’ quotes a
Hadith which runs like this:
"Hazrath Rasoolallah (SAS) said, "I know a "Qaum" (people) who are in my "Manzil"
(status or position)". His companions "sahaba" said "How will this be possible
because you are last of the Prophets and there is no Prophet after you." The
Prophet replied, "Those people are not the Prophets but their position, nearness
to Allah (Qurbat) is such that the Prophets will envy them. All of them will
have love for Allah."
In this Hadith the Prophet is foretelling about a Qaum who have a position of
nearness to Allah and who love Allah.
This Hadith is in fact an explanation of a verse of Quran in Surah "Maidah",
which is as follows:
"O ye who believe! Whosoever of you become a renegade from his religion (know
that in his stead) Allah will bring a people whom He loveth and who love Him,
humble towards believers, stern towards disbelievers, striving in the way of
Allah and fearing not the blame of a blamer. Such is the grace of Allah which he
giveth unto whom He will. Allah is all embracing, all knowing."
(Quran-AL Maidah 54)—translation from Pickthall.
In this verse Allah has mentioned about a Qaum and speaks about some of the
qualities of the people. They are:
- Allah loveth them and they love Allah
- Humble towards believers (Momineen)
- Stern towards disbelievers (Kafireen)
- Striving in the way of Allah (Jehad-e-Asghar and
- Not afraid of the blame of a blamer
This is a great gift to the Qaum from the grace of Allah.
The Hadith of Rasoolallah (S.A.S) mentioned earlier and this verse of Quran
speaks about the same Qaum. Now the question is which this Qaum is.
Some of the commentators (Mufassireen) say that the ayat is about Hazrath Abu
Bakr (RZ) and Sahaba-e-Rasool (who in whose time some Muslims (the so called
Muslims) refused to pay zakat and the sahaba fought them against and were
successful against them.
This proposition is however not correct for the following reasons:
Those who refused to pay zakat were not renegades. They were false Muslims (Hypocrites,"munafiqueen").
They did not accept Islam in their hearts but expressed themselves Muslims to
save themselves as they feared bloodshed and torture in a society which had
accepted Islam in a good number. This was the time after the conquest of Mecca.
But when Hazrath Rasoolallah (S.A.S) passed away they became bold and refused to
pay zakat. Hazrath Abu Bakr (RZ) sent armies of sahaba who defeated the
Munafiqueen. So they were not real Muslims at all. A clear proof of their snot
being real muslims is here itself that they refused to pay zakat which Quran has
made obligatory. They cannot be called renegades ("Murtid") because a renegade
accepts Islam with true heart and then rejects it afterwards. Some Muslim
commentators used the word renegades for them which is not appropriate and
Hazrath Abu Bakr (RZ) and sahaba comprised the Qaum that was of Hazrath
Rasoolallah (S.A.S). This cannot be the Qaum which is promised in the ayat. The
ayat speaks of a Qaum which Allah will bring (in future). So the Qaum which is
to be brought by Allah is different from the Qaum that existed in the times of
Hazrath Rasoolallah (S.A.S) and sahaba.
The Qaum in the future is to be brought by Allah [ie by a Caliph (Khalifa) of
Allah]. This is because when a Rasool or a Khalifa acts on the commands of
Allah, Allah says the act is done by Allah. A clear example of this is the verse
of Quran which says when the Prophet (SAS) threw some mud over the infidels in
the Battle of Badr, the mud was not thrown by the prophet but it was thrown by
Allah. Here the Qaum whose head was the khalifa of Allah (Hazrath Mahdi AHS) was
brought in fact by Allah.
The Hadith and the verse of Quran clearly point out that the Qaum that is to
come after the Qaum of Hazrath Rasoolallah (S.A.S) is no other than the Qaum of
Hazrath Mahdi (AHS). Hence not only Hazrath Mahdi (AHS).is the promised Khalifa
(Maud) but also his Qaum is promised one by Allah and Hazrath Rasoolallah (S.A.S).
Hazrath Mahdi (AHS) has declared on the commands of Allah that the verse of
Quran is about his Qaum and so there is no doubt about the meanings of the verse
The attributes mentioned about the Qaum of Hazrath Mahdi (AHS) are present in
the Qaum especially in the Sahaba of Hazrath Mahdi (AHS). With all short comings
due to lapse of time even today we who belong to the Qaum of Hazrath Mahdi (AHS)
love Allah with our inner most hearts. We follow the teachings of Hazrath
Rasoolallah (SAS) and Hazrath Mahdi (AHS in our daily life. We do not get
involved in the world and remember Allah (Dikr) always. We adopt the obligation
with our true hearts and rely on Allah for all our tasks.
A word about the word "Manzil" used in the Hadith. It does not mean equality as
some people may think. It points out a muquam or status due to some similarity.
Our ancestors have used such words as Muquam manzil, shan, Bardil, Bar Qalb etc.
It means that the beneficence (Faiz) of a particular prophet or wali is found in
the person. Hazrath Rasoolallah (SAS) has said:
My ummah’s ulema are like the Prophets of Bani Israel. This does not mean that
the ulema are said to be Prophets. It means the ulema have the beneficience of
Tauzihat by Hazrath Abu Sayeed Syed Mahmood RA on Naqliyat B.M Abdur Rasheed RZ.