By: Haz. Syed Ali Bartar Esq.
There are many religions in the world. Of these the best is
the one that is liked and proposed by Allah for his bandagan
(Slaves, people) and that religion is Islam. Allah says:
Innad dina 'indalla_hil isla_m(u)
Translation: Lo! Religion with Allah is Islam (Al-Imran vr.19).
another place in Quran Allah the Almighty has pointed out that with the
establishment of Islam He has rewarded the people completely:
al yauma akmaltu lakum dinakum wa atmamtu 'alaikum ni'mati wa raditu lakumul
Translation: This day have I perfected your religion for you and
completed my favour unto you and have chosen for you as religion Al- Islam (Al-Maida
Islam means believing in Allah and surrendering to Allah's will. Islam
is the oldest religion. It started from the times of Adam (A.H.S) and Noah (A.H.S).
It continued through ages in the times of all prophets. It came to our Prophet
Muhammed (S.A.S) and after him too it performs its journey. Today it is a
religion professed by a great majority of the people. It will continue to remain
till the Judgement Day (Qiyamah).
Deen is an Arabic word and it means
Religion. There is another word Shariah and we have to distinguish between Deen
and Shariah. As explained earlier Deen specially Deen-e-Islam means religion and
allegiance to Allah. Shariah is a part of Deen and is concerned to the mode of
prayer, the laws of Deen, the permitted and prohibited food and acts in religion
(Halal and Haram) etc.
As mentioned earlier the Deen Islam started earliest
and is continuing. There has been no change in the Deen from the early times to
the present day and till the Judgment Day. The same Deen is continuing during
the periods of all prophets. However the Shariah changes. Some prophets were
sent with new Shariah and some others came but were asked to follow the Shariah
of an earlier Prophet. Our Prophet Muhammed was sent with a new Shariah but was
asked to follow the same Deen propogated by all the earlier Prophets. This may
be clear reading the following verses of Quran:
minad dini ma_ wasa_ bihi nu_haw wal lazi auhaina_ ilaika wa ma_ was saina_ bihi
ibra_hima wa mu_sa_ wa isa_ an aqimud dina wala_ tatafar raqu_ fih
Translation: He hath ordained for you that religion which He commended
unto Noah and that which we inspire in thee (Muhammad) and that which we
commended unto Ibrahim and Moses and Jesus, saying establish the religion and be
not divided therein.
The Deen for Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S) was the same as for
Noah, Ibrahim, Moosa and Eisa and as our Prphet came after all the Prophets, he
was asked to follow the earlier Prophets in Deen. Hence Allah says:
Summa auhaina_ ilaika an-ittabi' millata ibra_hima hanifa_(n),
Translation: And afterwards we inspired thee (Muhammad saying) follow
the religion of Ibrahim as one by nature upright. (Al-Nahl ver.123)
Ula_'ikal lazina hadalla_hu fa bihuda_humuqtadih,
Translation: Those are they (Prophets) whom Allah guideth: So follow
(Al-Anam ver 90)
Here following the guidance of Prophets means following their
Deen. Thus our prophet has been asked to follow the Deen of Prophets because
they came earlier and proposed the same Deen of Islam.
It must however be
noted that following the Prophets or the Deen of the Prophets doesnot lower the
status of our Prophet (S.A.S) who has been praised by Allah at many places of
Quran and who is Afzal-al Ambia and Khataman Nabiyeen.
This much about the
Deen of Allah, Al-Islam which remains the same and unaltered in the times of all
the prophets. Though the Deen remains the same, the Shariah has been changed by
Allah in the times of different Prophets. Thus the Shariah of Ibrahim (AHS) was
different from the shariah of Noah; The Shariah of Moosa was different from the
Shariah of Ibrahim and so on. Some Prophets were sent with a new Shariah and
some other Prophets were asked to follow the Shariah of some previous Prophet.
Our Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.S) was sent with a new Shariah and this Shariah
has to remain till the Judgment Day. This is the last Shariah of the world.
All the obligations of the Shariah of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S) and Islam have
been revealed to our Prophet (S.A.S) in the Quran. The Quran contains the
earlier obligations of the Shariah-e-Muhammadia i.e. Belief in Allah, the Salah,
The Zakah the fasting (Rozah) and the Haj and there were other obligations
(Pertaining to Vilayah of Prophet Muhammad which have been mentioned in Quran
which were fully known to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S) and which he made known to
some of his Sahabas. But he did not preach them to all the Muslim Community at
that time in the way of Daawat (Ala Sabeel id Daawat) as per the command of
Allah. They were left to be preached and made obligatory on the Muslims by
Hazrat Mahdi (A.H.S), the Caliph of Allah. Hazrat Abdur Rahman Jami (R.H.) Says:
"Rasoolullah (S.A.S) was not ordained to express the hidden realities (Haqayaq
wa Asrar). On the other hand, he was asked to hide these".
Hazrat Mahdi (A.H.S) has also said "Hazrat Rasoolullah (S.A.S)'s self (Zaat)
was vilayah from head to toe but he was not ordained to explain the obligations
of vilayah. Banda (Mahdi A.H.S) has been ordained to do so". Hence Hazrat Mahdi
(A.H.S) has explained all the obligations of Vilayah i.e. Tark-e-Duniya,
Tawakkul, Uzlat, Sohabat-e-Sadiqeen, Zikr, Hijrat, Talab-e-Deedar-e-Khuda and
others. Hence after the teaching and making these obligations compulsory on all
Muslims, the Shariah of Muhammad (S.A.S) was completed. A famous hadith of
Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S.) explains the above point. This hadith is presented by
Nayeem bin Hammad (RZ) and Abu Nayeem.(RZ).
It quotes Hazrat Ali Rz. saying. I
asked Hazrat Rasoolullah (S.A.S) whether Mahdi will be from us Aal-e-Muhammad or
from others ? Rasoolullah (S.A.S) said, "he (Mahdi) will be from us. Allah
Taala will complete (conclude) the Deen on him as it was begun from us."
This Hadith has been quoted by other persons also with a difference of some
The Deen started by Prophet Muhammad means the Shariyah of Muhammad (S.A.S)
including both the Shariah and the Vilayat of Hazrat Rasoolullah (S.A.S). It
began with Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S). The Quran contains all the obligations of
both Shariyah and Vilayah. The obligations of Shariyah were explained by
Rasoolullah (S.A.S) and the obligations of Vilayah were also explained by
Rasoolullah to a few companions (Sahaba). Later,those were explained in the way
of Daawat (Ala Sabeel-id Daawat) by Hazrath Mahdi (A.H.S) and thus all the
obligations were explained to the people in the days of Hazrat Mahdi (A.H.S) and
in this way the Prophet (S.A.S)'s prophesy that the Deen would get completed on
Hazrat Mahdi (A.H.S) came to be true.
Near the time of demise of Hazrat Mahdi
(A.H.S), Allah ordained him to explain the verse "Al-Yauma Akmaltu Lakum
Deenakum......." in his bayan so that the Deen which was completely revealved to
Prophet Muhammad in Quran was now completed practically also after the
explanation of the ahkam-e-Vilayat by Mahdi (A.H.S).
Thus Mahdaviyat is
complete Islam. Hazrat Mahdi (A.H.S) has said: "We have not brought any new
religion. Our religions is Kitabullah (The Quran) and following, in full,
Muhammad Rasoolullah (S.A.S). To explain this further Hazrat Mahdi (A.H.S) said
that he did not get any revelation through the Angel Gabriel (Jibraiel). He gets
"knowledge (Taleem) directly (without any angel in between [Bilwasta]) from
Allah daily. He also said that he speaks these commands (Ahkam) from Allah and
on the order of Allah. Any one denying even a "harf" (a character from the
alphabet) from these will be taken to task. (Makhuz Hoga) in the presence of
1. Haz. Bandagi Mian Syed Khundamir Rz., Aquida-e-Sharifa
2. Haz. Syed Najmuddin Afzal-ul-ulema, Baisat-e-Mahdi
3. Haz. Syed Mustafa Tashrifullahi, Muquddama Sirajul Absar