THE FRIEND OF GOD(Khaleel-Ullah) AND HOW THEY WERE
By: Hazrath Moulana Abul Fatah Syed Nusrath Tashrifullahi
On account of his ardent love for God, Prophet Ibrahim
(pbuh) was honored by God as “Khaleel-Ullah” (Friend of
God). Prophet Ibrahim’s (pbuh) total surrender to the will
of Lord and his perfect obedience to whatever his Lord
commanded, won him this distinguished title among the
prophets of God. Further, according to Bible, God gave him
the following good-tiding: “No longer shall you be called
Abraham, for I am making you father of a host of nations. I
shall render you exceedingly fertile. I shall make nations
of you. Kings shall stem from you. (Genesis 17.3).
As a patriarch to Jews, Christians and Muslims, he is equally respectable. All
the prophets of Bani-Isra-el (Children of Isra-el) belong to his progeny. His
second son Is-haq (Isaac) (pbuh) was a prophet. Is-haq’s son Yaqoob (pbuh)
(Jacob) was also a prophet and Yaqoob’s son Yousuf (pbuh) (Joseph) too was a
great prophet. A large number of other prophets who came after Yousuf *,
including Musa (pbuh) (Moses), Dawood (pbuh) (David) and his son Suleiman (pbuh)
(Solomon), Zakariyah (pbuh) and Yah-ya (pbuh) (John) all belonged to the progeny
of Is-hac (pbuh) , the second son of Ibrahim (pbuh) . Even the mother of Isa
(pbuh) (Jesus), Mariyam (Mary)[Allah bless her and give her peace) belonged to
the progeny of Is-haq (pbuh).
Ibrahim’s (pbuh) first
son, Isma-el (pbuh) (Ishmael) was also a great prophet of God. However, there
had been no prophet down the line of Isma-el (pbuh) until the last of all the
prophets, Muhammad son of Abdullah (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him).
Imam of the later age, the promised Mehdi (pbuh), Syed Muhammad, son of Syed
Abdullah too was born in the progeny of Isma-el (pbuh). This was a fulfillment
of the prayers of Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh). The birth of Muslim Ummah (people of
the last of all the prophets) was also a fulfillment of the prayers of the
father and son, Ibrahim (pbuh) and Isma-el (pbuh). Ka-bah (the very first house
of God on the earth) to become the spiritual center of Muslims all the world
over, and Mecca to become the City of peace was also prayed for by both the
prophets of God. The prayer of the father (Abraham) and the son (Ishmael-eel)
have been narrated in the last book of Allah revealed to the last of the
prophets (Muhammad (pbuh)) in the second chapter named Al-Baqarah as follows:
1. And when his lord tested Abraham with certain words, and he fulfilled them.
He said; ‘Behold, I make you a leader (Imam) for the people’. Said he, “And of
my seed” ? He said “ (the benefit of ) my covenant shall not reach the evil
Here the Qur-anic term “Imamul-Linnas” devotes a divinely guided spiritual
leader. In the words of Abraham *, “and of my seed?” there is a humble and an
earnest prayer to make a leader (Imam) for the people from among my progeny too.
2. And when Abraham said, “My Lord, make this a land secure, and provide it’s
people with fruits, such of them as believe in God and the Last day,”
He said, “ And whoso disbelieves , to him I shall give enjoyment a little, then
I shall compel him to the chastisement of the Fire – how evil a home coming”!
The above prayer of Abraham (pbuh) was granted with the advent of Prophet
Muhammed ( Allah bless him and give him peace) and his conquest of Mecca.
.And when Abraham and Ishmael (pbuh) raised up the foundations of the House,
“Our Lord, receive this from us; Thou art the All-hearing, the All-knowing; and
, our Lord, make us Muslims – submissive to Thee; and show us our holy sites,
and turn towards us; surely Thou turnest, and art All compassionate.”
The prayer of the father and the son was granted when a submissive nation (i.e.,
the Muslim Ummah) was raised through the ministry of the last Prophet Muhammed
(pbuh) God had promised to Abraham (pbuh) that He will raise a nation from
Ishma-el (pbuh). According to Taorah, God said to Abraham (pbuh) that –
“As for Ishmael, I am heeding you: I hereby bless him. I will make him fertile
and will multiply him exceedingly. He shall become the father of twelve
chieftains, and I will make him a great nation.” (Genesis 17:20)
God said to Ishma-el’s mother, Hager (Hajira (pbuh) )
“Arise, lift up the boy and hold him by the hand; for I will make him a great
nation.” (Genesis 21:18).
4. “and our Lord, do thou send among them a
Messenger, one of them, who shall recite to them Thy signs, and teach them the
Book and the Wisdon, and purify them; Thou art the All-mighty, the All-wise.”
Although a number of great messengers of God sent from time to time from among
the progeny of Isaac (Ishaq (pbuh)), but none of them is meant in the above
prayer. The prayer for “a messenger” is for none but the last of the messengers
who belonged to the progeny of Ishmael (pbuh) and by the word “them” is meant
the “Nation” which was raised from the seed of Ishma-el namely the Arabs, and
more particularly the Quresh among them. By the word “Book” is meant the last
Book of God revealed to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
So also by the prayer for a
“Leader” (an Imam) is meant the Imam Mehdi, the promised Caliph of God, who too
belonged to the progeny of Ishma-el (pbuh). The Prophet (pbuh) had informed the
Ummah that the Mehdi is from me (my house) and that he shall belong to the
progeny of Prophet’s daughter, Fatima (RZ).
Thus, by His Grace, the Lord has
already granted all the prayers of His friend, Abraham regarding the progeny of
his elder son Ishma-el (pbuh).